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What are Urinary Catheter Bags

What are Urinary Catheter Bags?

A urinary catheter is a hollow, partially flexible tube which is inserted through the urethral opening into the bladder that collects urine from the bladder and leads to the drainage bag. A doctor may recommend urinary catheter if a patient is facing problem in urinating naturally.

Types of Catheter Urine Bag

There are two types of bags: a leg bag for day time use and a night bag, usually holds greater quantity of urine, for use in bed. If you do use a leg drainage bag then it requires to be emptied when it is half to three quarters filled. Always ensure it does not pull on the catheter.

The bags are usually of 50ml, 1000ml, 2000ml or more capacity for daytime use (depending on manufacturer). At night an extra 2-litre bag can be fitted easily to the day leg bag to increase the available capacity.

Drainage bag are crafted using vinyl materials to provide strength and durability for both odor containment and leak resistance. Natural rubber latex is not used to eliminate the risk of injuries and allergic reactions.

Why are Urinary Catheter Bags being used?

Urinary catheter bags are used to drain the bladder. . Your bag will attach to a catheter (tube) that is inside your bladder. Catheters are generally referred when someone can’t empty their bladder naturally. If the bladder isn’t emptied, urine can piled up and lead to pressure in the kidneys. The pressure can lead to kidney failure.

Most catheters bags are essential until you regain the ability to urinate on your own, which is usually a short period of time.

can’t control when you urinate

have urinary incontinence

have urinary retention

The reasons why patients may not be able to urinate on your own can include:

1. A blockage in the urethra, injury to the urethra or enlarged prostate gland in males causing problems in voiding easily.

2. Birth defects affecting urinary tract

3. Surgery in the genital area, such as a hip fracture repair or hysterectomy.

4. Weakness or injury to the nerves of the bladder.

5. Pinal cord injury.

6. Kidney, ureter or bladder stones,

7. Epidural anesthesia

8. Medications that reduce the ability of your bladder muscles to contract, which causes urine to remain stuck in your bladder

How to remove Urine from Catheter Bag?

Step 1. Drain the bag

1. Wash your hands well with soap and water to avoid any chances of getting infection

2. Hold the catheter and the bag tubing where they meet and gently pull them apart.

3. Hold the drainage tube over a toilet or measuring container. Open the valve.

4. Don’t touch the exposed tip of the valve or let it touch to the toilet or container.

5. Wash your hands again.

Step 2. Clean the drainage tube

1. When the urine bag is get emptied, use alcohol swab to clean the exposed tip/valve of the drainage tube and pocket of the bag.

2. Close the valve.

3. To connect a new leg bag, remove the cap from the top of the bag and gently push the tip into the catheter without touching the tip with your fingers.

4. If you are re-using a bag, clean the tip with an alcohol wipe before connecting

Step 3. Clean your skin

1. Wash your hands well before and after cleaning your skin.

2. If you have a catheter (such as a Foley) that enters through the urethra, clean the urethral area with soap and water  1 time(s)  daily as you were taught by your healthcare provider. You should also clean after every bowel movement to prevent infection.

Some key points you should keep in mind

1. Ensure urinary catheter tubing is not twisted/kinked.

2. Ensure the drainage bag is placed below the waistline to avoid any chances of backflow

3. Ensure that the drainage outlet of the urinary bag does not touch the floor.  This is to prevent the contamination of the beg which will result in urinary tract infection

4. Don’t pull on the tubing when cleaning so you don’t injure the urethra.

5. Don’t apply powder to the genital area or to the tubing

6. Check the catheter and drainage tube to make sure the tube isn’t twisted or tangled.

How often should a urinary catheter bag be changed?

Empty the leg bag at least every 3-4 hours or more often as required. Before you go to bed, replace the leg bag with the larger night bag drainage system.

Leg bags that are labeled by the manufacturer as reusable may be reused for a single resident for convenience, cost savings and decreased environmental waste. The leg drainage bag requires changing every 5 to 7 days depending on manufacturer’s instructions.

If the manufacturer recommends its product for single use only, it should not be reused due to a potential safety risks.

Single-use night bags are usually used to reduce the risk of infection.